Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, Vol 2 (1) December 2014, eISSN 2395-6518
1. PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF A PUBLIC HEALTH TWITTER CAMPAIGN:WORLD HEALTH DAY 2014
Dan Dumbrell, Robert Steele
Abstract: Public health campaigns aim to positively affect health-related behaviors and/or raise awareness of specific health conditions, risk factors and issues. These campaigns have traditionally relied upon various media and mechanisms for success, such as mass media distribution by television and radio, information propagation by individuals, involvement and engagement of stakeholders, and recruitment to the campaign of celebrities or advocates well known to the community. More recently, microblog platforms such as Twitter have also been increasingly utilized for public health campaign delivery. This is a relatively recent phenomenon and so is not yet well understood or studied. In this paper we provide an initial description of a case study of a global Twitter-based public health campaign, namely that involving the use of the #worldhealthday hashtag during and surrounding the 2014 World Health Day, April 7th 2014. In addition, the various characteristics and properties of this public health campaign within this contemporary medium are explored utilizing software tools that enable the capture and analysis of Twitter information flows.
Keywords: Public Health, Mass Media, Social Media, Twitter, Hashtag
2. EMPOWERING MARGINAL COMMUNITIES IN RAINCITY TO SHAPE HUMAN RESOURCES EXCELLENCE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Surianie, Idan Mardani, Intan Paramitahasanah, Agus Harianto, Laras Lestarai, Megawati Simanjuntak, Rico Juni Artanto
Abstract: The existence of transgenders is a reality that can not be denied in society and environment that is not a new story. Transgender is a marginal community, which does not have a place in society. Profession as a commercial sex worker become a label that attached to transgenders. Bogor city, known as the Rain City has one community of Gay, Transgenders, Man Love Man named Warna Lentera Pakuan (WLP). A total of 320 transgenders recorded in this community. This program is a transgender empowering with activities that can support creativity, motivation to work, and increase their confidence in the public. Various activities are carried such as Outbound, Entrepreneurship Motivation, Real Entrepreneurship, Interests and Talent Sharpening Action, Transgender’s Preneur Showtime by forming Borontok Fried Rice business, continuity programs and advocacy efforts. In the long term, through the activities of this programs are expected to foster positive souls within the transgender and slowly turn them back into the common social norms. The methods in this program are self motivation and life skills education. This program has developed a transgenders empowerment guide module named “Life Skills Achieve Your Personal Best”.
Keywords : Empowerment, Life skill education, Self-motivation, Transgender
3. SOCIO-CULTURAL CHALLENGES OF CHILD ADOPTION IN EASTERN NIGERIA IN WEST AFRICA
Dr. Maria C. Agbo
Abstract: The importance of child adoption to infertile couples seeking for children, and children in need of parents cannot be over emphasized. In Eastern Nigeria, child adoption faces socio-cultural challenges due to cultural norms and beliefs, social expectations and values. This study investigated the socio-cultural challenges of child adoption in Eastern Nigeria. To achieve this, two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study was the entire couples in Eastern Nigeria. Disproportionate stratified random sampling was used to select 800 couples. Among these, 400 couples are childless, while the other 400 couples have biological children. A descriptive survey was used, while questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. The result was analyzed using mean scores, standard deviations and t-test. The findings revealed poverty, bastard syndrome, and denial of inheritance among others as some of the challenges of child adoption. The data also showed that childlessness, and gender selection among others is some of the reasons for adoption. The data also revealed that there is no significant difference between the mean scores of the males and females in what constitute the socio-cultural challenges of child adoption in Eastern Nigeria. There is a significant difference between the mean scores of childless couples and couples with biological children in the reasons for adoption. The summary of the findings was that child adoption is very difficult to practice in Eastern Nigeria. The study also made some recommendations and implications.
Keywords: Child adoption, Eastern Nigeria, Gender selection, Socio-cultural challenges
4. CYBER CRIMES: A THREAT TO HUMANITY
Dr. Shrish Kumar Tiwari
Abstract: Good and bad has co-existence since the beginning of the world. Where first one comprises all things which are essential for well being of all whereas other ones connotes negativity. Unfortunately technology cannot be mention as an exception of this rule. The internet and its technologies has opened up many opportunities for all countries to develop their economies. On one hand our scientist, technocrats are using this advanced stream of science for betterment of all and to make India self-dependent and secure from attack of our enemies while on the other hand a very well structured groups (Independent or Nation sponsored) are also using these technologies as a tool to make INDIA weak and helpless. Cyber criminals perform various acts like cyber stalking, on-line harassment, on-line defamation, hacking, and so forth collectively we call it cybercrime. When these activities are managed by organized group systematically and deliberately we term it as CYBER TERRORISM.
Keywords: Cyber crimes, IT security, Internet, Hacking
5. DIRECT TAX CODE: THE METAMORPHOSIS
Dr Vikas Singh
Abstract: Legislations governing Direct Tax are the imperative statutes. The subject, taxes governing Indian Economy needs overhauling and removal of dead woods. The statute which has undoubtedly resulted always as the major source of Indian revenue is expected to undertake what may be called as the periodic spring-cleaning of the corpus of its statute law (Taxes comprises of more than 50% of aggregate revenue and the Direct Taxes contribute more than 1/5th to it). The law that got enacted more than five decades in past (i.e. in 1961) needs to get loaded with contemporary provisions, improvising and justifying its existence and functions as well. Hopefully, in next couple of years India may come-up with vital reformatory actions where Direct Taxation Laws and even Indirect Taxation Laws may get their new dimensions in the form of Direct Tax Code (DTC) and Goods & Service Tax (GST) respectively.
An initiative to bring the reform especially in direct taxation Statutes began half a decade earlier (Direct Tax Code 2009) but the merry-go-around temperament is still not making its enactment possible. Political scenario and proclamations, as initiated by the UPA regime, the Direct Taxes Code Bill 2010 sought to usher in a new income tax code for the country. Also, while presenting the maiden budget of the BJP-led NDA government, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has given encouraging signals of reviving and bringing the revised Direct Taxes Code (DTC) soon.
Keywords: Direct Tax Code (DTC), Goods & Service Tax (GST)