Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, Vol 3 (1) March 2015 [eISSN 2395-6518]
[International Issue for HEF Conferences Hongkong]
1. THE BIRTH OF A POLITICAL ACTIVIST: A COMPARISON OF TWO SOUTH KOREAN FILMS
Christopher I. Kim, Wangsan-ri, Mohyeon-myeon, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi
Abstract: There exist a number of explanations for democratization. One of the most decisive causes of South Korea’s recent democratization in 1987 was mass movements from below. The role of political activists is integral to movements. In this article, pointing out that the existing literature on democratization has paid little attention to the contribution of individual activists to social movements; I analyze how ordinary citizens are gradually transformed into political activists and democracy fighters. Specifically, I compare two South Korean films, Jeon Tae-il: A Single Spark (1995) and The Attorney (2013), in terms of what motivates common people to change into activists, the concrete process of the change, and the consequences of the change for subsequent political development.
Keywords: South Korea, democratization, political activists, mass movements, films
2. REEXAMINING THE DIMENSIONALITY OF LEISURE MOTIVATION AND LEISURE SATISFACTION IN A MULTICULTURAL CONTEXT: EVIDENCE FROM MACAU
Suh-hee Choia, Xiaoxiao Fub
Abstract: The present study calls for attention to the utility of leisure motivation and leisure satisfaction scales by examining the commonalities and differences of factor structure in a multicultural context. Both the different number of factors extracted and the different patterns of items loaded on the factors indicate that the dimensionality of leisure motivation and leisure satisfaction proposed by Beard and Ragheb needs to be cautiously treated when adapted to a different cultural setting.
Keywords: leisure motivation, leisure satisfaction, multicultural survey, Macau
3. THE DIMENSIONALITY OF RELATIONSHIP: INTERNATIONAL PUBLICS’ PERSPECTIVES TOWARDS THE HOST NATION
Suh-hee Choia, Liping A. Caib
Abstract: The present study examines the concept of relationship at the international level from the members of the international publics’ perspectives. The perceived relationship between the international publics and the host nation is the focus. The dimensionality of perceived relationship is examined in a cumulative way. First, relationship at the level of the individual-host nation is examined. The dimensionality, initially conceptualized in the context of consumer behavior, relationship marketing, branding, and organizational relationships, is proposed and tested. Different combinations of the dimensions of relationship are set as alternative models, and the model fit statistics are compared.
In the next stage, individuals’ perceptions of the international level of relationship between their own and the host nation are included as another dimension of relationship. The final dimensionality, considering both levels, is derived. Implications for nation branding and public diplomacy in its application are discussed.
Keywords: Relationship, Satisfaction, Commitment, Trust, Involvement, Public Diplomacy
4. COLONIAL MODERNITY AND TOURISM IN EAST ASIA
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to examine the correlation between colonial modernity and tourism in East Asia through the examples of China, Korea and Japan. In the process of the World system of capitalism in East Asia, most Asian countries underwent ‘(universal) colonial experience,’ except Japan and Thailand. Japan was a unique non-European country which succeeded in creating an ‘(abnormal) modern nation-state’ able to compete with Europe. Japan intended to establish a new East Asian system which might replace the old Sino-centric system in the name of ‘Greater Asian Co-prosperity Sphere’, but failed.
Keywords: Colonial, Tourism, East Asian Countries, Modernity
5. CHILD WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY AND PARENTAL RESPONSE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NUCLEAR AND EXTENDED FAMILY STRUCTURES IN KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN
Abstract: The birth of a child with intellectual disability puts varying amount of pressure on nuclear and extended families. The purpose of this research paper is to explore the experiences of parents having children with intellectual disability in nuclear and extended families in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP). For this purpose, 12 parents for In-depth Interviews & 24 parents for three Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were selected Furthermore, In-charge from each center were also interviewed. It was found that parents belonging to extended family structure comparatively feel relax due to family support in managing the child’s care and house hold activities. On the other hand, institutional support can reduce the burden of child care on parents resides in nuclear family structure.
Keywords: Intellectual Disability, Social Exclusion, Parents, Extended Family, Nuclear Family
6. SALAFISM AND ITS SOCIO-INTELLECTUAL FOUNDATIONS
Abstract: Salafism is a movement of thought-religion that was born into Sunni Islam and Hanbali sect. Nowadays, several groups based on such thinking have overshadowed t he social security of Middle East. However, many groups and different attitudes call themselves Salafis, but they all have common characteristics, the main of which is radical and retrograde interpretation of Islamic sources. Taqi Ad-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyyah in the Muslim world was the first thinker who established these thoughts.
The author of this article initially tried to express the meaning of Salafism and its appellation in order to focus on the social context and thoughts of this movement. Extreme focus on the appearance of Quranic phrases and opposition to any new thing that did not exist in Qur'an, Sunnah and the first 3 centuries of Islam, are among the fundamental thought of Salafism.
Keywords: Salafism, Social context, Radical Islam, Socio-Intellectual Foundation.
7. THE EFFECTS OF A NON-TRADITIONAL MONETARY POLICY ON HOUSING PRICES IN TAIWAN
Tsu-Wei Huang and Hsin-Hong Kang
Abstract: The well-known “Quantitative Easing” is a kind of non-traditional monetary policy. The United States and Japan are two typical examples that executed non-traditional monetary policies on a large-scale since 2000s. This research uses multiple regression analysis to examine the effects of non-traditional monetary policies abroad on housing prices in Taiwan. More specifically, the research would like to find out whether the mechanism of monetary transmission could successfully transmit the shocks of external monetary policies to internal housing market.
The empirical result indicates that the four QE factors had inconsistent outcomes. Japan QE and US QE1 are significantly negative related with Cathay housing price index, and while US QE2 and US QE3 are positive related to the index, the results are not significant. There is an inconsistent conclusion among non-traditional monetary policy. Moreover, the government policy is significantly positive related with index. It indicates that government policy can’t restrain the increasing housing price index. Finally, all of the macroeconomic variables match the research expectation, except for population growth rate.
Keywords: Housing market, Quantitative Easing, Housing bubble, Macroeconomic Variables.