Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, Vol 3 (2) April 2015 [eISSN 2395-6518]
1. INDIAN DALIT LITERATURE: QUEST FOR IDENTITY TO SOCIAL EQUALITY
Dr. Pavan Mandavkar
Abstract: India is one of the fastest growing countries in the world; yet it is notorious for its rigid caste system. This paper examines the history of suppression, condition of the suppressed and origin of Dalit writings. It includes the study of movement and scope of Dalit Literature. It is widely believed that all Dalit literary creations have their roots in the Ambedkarite thoughts. The paper also dissects the stark realities of Dalit and their commendable attempts to upraise socially. This literature shows dramatic accounts of social-political experiences of Dalit community in the caste based society of India. It traces the conditions of the Indian social factors that surround the Dalits and their interactions with Dalits and non-Dalits. It explores how Dalit community struggled for equality and liberty.
Keywords: Dalit, castes, untouchables, oppressed, autobiographies
2. A STUDY ON TRICYCLE SIGN SYSTEMS: A REFLECTION OF FILIPINO OPTIMISM, MASCULINITY, RELIGIOSITY AND VALUES
Kristinne Joyce A. Lara-De Leon and Chirbet A. Miguel
Abstract: The paper answered these questions: What are the signages found in tricycles traversing Tuguegarao proper? What do these signages in language reflect about the lived world lived world livesor thoughts of the tricycle drivers? Of Or their social background? How do these signages correlate to social factors?
This paper used the descriptive design in examining the signages that were gathered from 100 tricycle driver respondents in Tuguegarao City. Analysis of the signages is strengthened through Barthesian’s sign systems. Drawing on the social constructionism, the paper highlights the following: first, tricycles have become a medium of Filipino expression where the vehicles communicate the drivers’ worldviews. The gathered signages reflected some Filipino values and traits like optimisms and fatalism; masculinity and machismo; religiosity and social cohesion; and hardwork and cultural capital. Second, the paper holds that language may be understood by looking into the relationship between the signifier and the signified. The signages used by the tricycle drivers reflect not only their explicit thoughts but also symbolic meanings and their habitus. Lastly, language has fulfilled its metalinguistic function as the signages were analyzed to show that these were representations of one’s cultural behavior.
Keywords: Language, Culture, Semiotics, Communication, Sign Systems
3. SUSTAINABILITY FRAMEWORK: AN INTEGRATION OF THE EQUATOR PRINCIPLES INTO BUSINESS PROCESS
Aldi Muhammad Alizar , Choerunisa Noor Syahid and Anas Nikoyan
Abstract: Indonesia as the largest archipelago in Southeast Asia has a strategic location for business and investment. After the economic crisis in 1998 and 2009, Indonesia could be passed it away until present. It can be seen by the increasing of Growth Domestic Product (GDP). Currently the Indonesian government began to encourage the public and private institution to achieve sustainable development and compete in globalization. However, there are a lot of challenges for the stakeholders to reach the goals. The strategy that has been done by the private sectors is implementing Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR) as company’s program.
This paper discuss about how do the private sectors in Indonesia embrace the other stakeholders of development actors (which are government and community) to achieve sustainable development without ignoring their business objectives. By using the Equator Principles that focused on social and environmental management and sustainability framework by the International Finance Corporation (IFC), it expected to give some new approaches for the companies to protect their business process.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibilities (CSR); sustainable development; sustainability framework
4. INFLUX POLICY RECOMMENDATION: AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY THROUGH SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOOD APPROACH
Aldi Muhammad Alizar, Choerunisa Noor Syahid and Anas Nikoyan
Abstract: This paper discuss about the influx policy that should be taken by the government. Project-induced-in-migration (or influx) is the movement of people from area outside project-impacted zone to the project-impacted zone. The aim of it is to find economic opportunities and improving quality of their life. Aldi, et.al (2013) stated that the influx has many negative effect especially for the social and environmental aspects in the mining project areas and its surrounding. The three main negative effect that are materialized, (i)the increasing of crime rate; (ii)the marginalization of indigenous people by the immigrant communities; and (iii)the decreasing of public health quality since the mining operation. Three important actors in development, which are the government as policy makers, the companies as capital modals, and society as the object who affected both directly or indirectly; each of them has their own role play and perception of influx. They also have own solution to cope with the impact of influx in the project areas. Their role, influence and relation will be reviewed and analyzed with the concept of sustainable livelihood framework.
Keywords: Influx migration; sustainable livelihood; mining project
5. MAPPING THE PATIENT SAFETY CULTURE STUDIES FROM 1992 TO 2013
Hung-Chi Huang, Cheng-Hua Wang, Pi-Ching Chen
Abstract: Patient safety culture or climate (PSC) is a relatively new topic in patient safety studies, and the current paper maps the intellectual structure of the works in this area, investigating the evolution of this literature. We searched the Web of Science database collection and obtained relevant study sample published from the oldest to 2013. The most-cited articles and cited references were also profiled and analyzed using HistCite analysis to create a historiograph, using social network analysis to map sociogram, while main path analysis was carried out to draw the developing path. The results show that the paradigm shift from organizational climate studies to safety culture studies, and from safety culture studies to patient safety culture studies.
It is also evident that the patient safety culture is important topic in patient safety studies, and provides a clearly picture of the relationship between patient safety studies and patient safety culture studies. This study also presented the developing paths and divided into three stages. We introduce researchers to the concepts of profile history and development, which can help both academics and practitioners to understand the evolution of the PSC.
Keywords: Patient safety, web of science, database
6. MAKEDONIA MAKERSPACE PUBLICATION IN IGNITE MAKER MOVEMENT IN INDONESIA
Rifan Sevila, Liza Dwi Ratna Dewi
Abstract: The improvement of Information Communications Technology (ICT) led positive and negative impacts to society in Indonesia. Informations about fashion, gadget, and what is trend in the world wide usually present by a very attractive way. So, it will stimulate people to have what they want. People will easily to buy something from their smartphone. They just have to use the applications from their smartphone, such as mobile banking and e-banking. So they can buy things online. This research aims to see how the publication of MakeDoNia Makerspace to move maker movement in Indonesia. This research used theory of framing by Tod Gitlin, and used case study methodology. Based on results showed that publications of MakeDonia Makerspace to move maker movement in Indonesia is using internet media, such as : website, social media, e-mail, and using conventional such as : word of mouth, events. The frame of messages in publication are: Everybody can be a maker. Do-It-Yourself (DIY) and Do-It-Together (DIT) is trending in various parts of the world, appreciated in every party and this maker things is developing in Indonesia.
Keywords: Makerspace, Maker Movement, Publication, Framing, Information Communication Technology
7. SIGN IN COMMUNICATION PROCESS
S. Pesina, T. Solonchak
Abstract: Although many linguists wrote about a psychic nature of the sign, in contemporary studies various schemes and descriptions of communicative processes continue virtually without human consciousness participation. However, the sign emerges, lives and dies on the quiet of individual consciousness beyond the immediate material connection with word forms, let alone the subject that it substitutes. Its life is short – it flashes for that short moment when thoughts about the object and the selected word form intersect and merge in the focus of active consciousness. The sign is an act and a unit of consciousness and does not leave the limits of consciousness. The thought gets a specific language form only during the concept verbalization phase.
Keywords: Sign in, communication, consciousness, language