International Journal of Students Research in Technology & Management, Vol 3 (6) June 2015
1. IMPACT ANALYSIS OF LAND-COVER (GREENBELTS) CHANGE DUE TO CHANGES IN LAND-USE PLANNING
Abstract: The city and regions, which rely on their ecosystems, depends upon their health and availability. Changes to the usage pattern of these, as a process of urbanization, may bring economically positive impact but can be devastating for the ecology and social well-being of many groups of society. It is thus becoming increasingly important to measure these city resources in order to manage them effectively. The challenge is of appropriate land-use planning giving special consideration to natural systems which combines with the urban edges. This paper briefly analyses the green belt as a component of natural system and its role played in National Capital Region of a developing country (India) as an example. The attempt is made to identify the impacts due to changes in land-use planning on the green belt between two cities. Simultaneously, attention is drawn to the ways and situations, in which other functions can be incorporated within the green belts. These have helped to bring out potentials which can be considered for effective planning of green belt. The study is based on the evidence, case studies and it is suggested that appropriate planning may make green belts (GB) an effective planning tool but monitoring plays the most important role in their performance.
Keywords: Green belt, Urban planning, ecology, Land use
2. A Survey of Implementation of Opportunistic Spectrum Access attack with its preventive Sensing Protocols in Cognitive Radio Networks
Monisha Ravi*, Nisha Ravi, Dr. N. Ravi
Abstract: Recently, the expansive growth of wireless services, regulated by governmental agencies assigning spectrum to licensed users, has led to a shortage of radio spectrum. Since the FCC (Federal Communications Commissions) approved unlicensed users to access the unused channels of the reserved spectrum, new research areas seeped in, to develop Cognitive Radio Networks (CRN), in order to improve spectrum efficiency and to exploit this feature by enabling secondary users to gain from the spectrum in an opportunistic manner via optimally distributed traffic demands over the spectrum, so as to reduce the risk for monetary loss, from the unused channels. However, Cognitive Radio Networks become vulnerable to various classes of threats that decrease the bandwidth and spectrum usage efficiency. Hence, this survey deals with defining and demonstrating framework of one such attack called the Primary User Emulation Attack and suggests preventive Sensing Protocols to counteract the same. It presents a scenario of the attack and its prevention using Network Simulator-2 for the attack performances and gives an outlook on the various techniques defined to curb the anomaly.
Keywords: Primary user emulation, primary user, sensing technique, network simulator, effective spectrum usage, secondary users, malicious users
3. Study of Circulating Coal Fluidized Boilers
Sugato Hajra*, Abhishek Aditya Patra, Pulkit Sharma
Abstract: In the days of modernization, industrialization, technological world we find out a new method of steam production with help of coal. This state of act systems are manufactured over a range of 500 TPH. This boilers are highly efficient, multi coal firing capacity, less emission of SO2 and NOx gases, utilize high ignite cokes, petcoats, washery rejects. This survey paper is intended to comprehensively give an account of domain knowledge related to CFBC boiler. The authors touch upon the design changes which are introduced in the component levels in order to ease the operation, enhance the performance and to meet the regulatory compliance. In addition, salient correlations related to hydrodynamics, heat transfer and combustion are narrated to facilitate the control and system engineers to develop mathematical models using conservation of mass, energy and momentum equations.
4. Effective and efficient way of reduce dependency on dataset with the help of mapreduce on Big Data
Satish Londhe*, Smita Mahajan
Abstract: With the fast development of networks these days organizations has overflowing with the collection of millions of data with big number of combination. This big data challenges over trade troubles. It require more analysis for the high-performance procedure. The new method of hadoop and MapReduce methods are discussed starting the data mining standpoint. In the proposed research work we have to to progress performance through parallelization of different operations such as loading the information, index building and evaluating the queries. Thus the performance analysis is completed with the minimum of three nodes with in the Amazon cloud environment. Hbase is a open source, non-relational and distributed database model. It executes on the pinnacle of Hadoop. It consists of a single key with multiple values. Looping is avoid in retrieving a meticulous data from huge datasets and it consume less amount of time for execute the data. HDFS file system is used to store the data after performing arts the map reduce operations and the execution time is decreased when the amount of nodes gets increased. The performance analysis is tuned with the parameters such as the carrying out complexity.
Keywords: Mapreduce, Data Mining, Big data, Hadoop
5. Change in Design of Handle Support for Cost Reduction and Manufacturing Process Optimization
Abstract: Optimization of manufacturing process and cost reduction are two main factors each organization plans to achieve. Achieving these goals require knowledge about the manufacturing process and all parameters which affect manufacturing. Working on solving problems in optimization of manufacturing process ultimately helps to reduce the cost of manufacturing and in turn the cost of product with improvement in sequence of processes. The following project is carried out for designing the handle support for all ratings of electric breakers. Project was carried out by first defining general background, actual problem, existing manufacturing method, change in design, analysis of parameters which affect design, design analysis, decision, costing, implementation and conclusion. The design analysis was carried out with help of CATIA software. The outcome of project resulted in savings for the organization and also helped to improve the function of product with optimization of manufacturing processes.
Keywords: Optimization, Von Mises Stress, Translational Displacement, Deformation, Impact Factor.
6. ATTRIBUTE VISUALIZATION AND CLUSTER MAPPING WITH THE HELP OF NEW PROPOSED ALGORITHM AND MODIFIED CLUSTER FORMATION ALGORITHM TO RECOMMEND AN ICE CREAM TO THE DIABETIC PATIENT BASED ON SUGAR CONTAIN IN IT
Suhas Machhindra Gaikwad*, Dr.Preeti Mulay, Rahul Raghvendra Joshi
Abstract: The research for suggesting an ice cream for a diabetic patient is carried out in data mining by using clustering and mapping between the data for ice cream and diabetic patients. Here, mapping of ice cream dataset with diabetic patient dataset is done by using MFCA, which is proposed and explained in this paper. The results obtained from MCFA algorithm and the new proposed algorithm are explained and verified and it is observed that they are having the relevance.
Keywords: Modified Cluster Formation Algorithm, Newly proposed Algorithm, Ice cream, Diabetic Patient.
7. Universal Scheduler for AFDX Based on BAG Concept
Sanyogita Sathe*, Ch. Praveen Kumar
Abstract: Avionic Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet (AFDX), is a specification for a deterministic aircraft data network bus for aeronautical, railway and military systems. The network is based on standard IEEE 802.3 Ethernet technology. AFDX extends the Ethernet standard by adding Quality of Service (QoS) and deterministic behavior with a guaranteed dedicated bandwidth. An AFDX network consists of so called End Systems and switches. An End System is a component connected to the AFDX network and capable of handling all AFDX related protocol operations. One or more switches, depending on the network hierarchy, are located on the data path between two End Systems. The point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connections are represented by virtual links (VL). The aim of the paper is to develop Transmitter scheduling Mechanism using the concept of BAG in verilog.
Keywords: AFDX, standard IEEE 802.3, end system, virtual links, BAG
8. Feature based sentiment analysis using Hadoop
Rohit Gore*,Swati Ahirrao
Abstract: Now days the organizations want to know opinions of customers on their products and their features. Social media is one of the large source where anyone can present their views in the form of posts, tweets, blogs, micro blogs etc. Organizations are targeting the social media to analyze the customer’s views and current market trends. But when dealing with big data such as the social data, the data should process and clustered. This paper explains the collection of social data using the Flume stored into the HDFS (Hadoop Distributed File System). As the data is mostly unstructured to convert into structured one Map Reduce for data mining technique is to be used. In the current paper we present the acceleration of a widely used data clustering algorithm, K-means, implemented using Hadoop & MapReduce framework. This paper emphasizes on collection of this social data only in form of reviews, feedbacks and comments of people regarding various products and tries to figure out products report and provides updates on choice of customers.
Keywords: Big Data, Flume, MapReduce, Sentiment Lexicon, lexicon-based approach, K-means
9. Comparative Assessment of Ramp and biasing signal amplitude variations of digital closed-loop fiber optic gyroscope
Beereddy Sruthi*, P Nagraja
Abstract: Fiber optic gyroscope is a rotation sensor working on the principle of Sagnac effect. Fiber optic gyroscopes are used in inertial navigation system, aircraft, guidance, etc. FOG has to be operated in closed loop condition to achieve inertial grade performance. In the closed-loop operation, the ramp signal is used as a feedback signal to nullify the rotation induced sagnac phase shift. The peak to peak voltage of ramp is equal to V2pi voltage of IOC (Integrated Optic Chip). A biasing signal is also applied to IOC for intensity modulation. If the variations in the ramp and biasing signal are occurred, then it introduces variations in the gyro performance. The gyro performance is evaluated in terms of bias, scale-factor and linearity.
Keywords: FOG, closed loop fiber optic gyroscope, DPEC (Digital Phase Estimator Card).