YUVA Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol 1 (3) May 2015, ISSN 2395-6526
1. VACTERLS ASSOCIATION WITH PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND LEAST VERTEBRAL ANOMALY
Dr Braja Kishore Behera, Dr Sailbala Shaw, Dr Rishav Raj
Introduction: In early 1970’s VATER association was first named. Clustering of features involves the idea of the “developmental field defect”, in which malformations that occur in blastogenesis tend to result in polytopic anomalies, or birth defects affecting multiple organ systems. The clinical manifestation of VACTERLS association includes vertebral anomalies, anal atresia, congenital heart disease, tracheoesophageal fistula, renal dysplasia and limb abnormalities, Single umbilical artery. As initially described, the condition included the statistically non-random co-occurrence of a group of congenital malformations. Because these malformations were observed to occur together more often than would be expected by chance, the condition was termed an association.
2. KETAMINE FOR CONGENITAL STRIDOR IN A CHILD --A CASE REPORT
Dr Diganta Mohanty
Abstract: The commonest cause of inspiratory stridor in neonate is laryngomalacia. Etiology of laryngomalacia is malformation of laryngeal development. The child developing Symptoms like high piched inspiratory stridor, crowing in character which often accompanies increased activity,crying and feeding. The stridor begins a few weeks after birth and persist till one or one and half year age.it is spontaneously disappear after supporting cartilage mature. A child having inspiratory stridor with congenital cardiac abnormalities is given anaesthesia for invasive cardiac investigative procedure. The management of anaesthesia is given here.
3. ENURESIS: CAUSES, EVALUATION & MANAGEMENT
Dr. Shiv Shankar Nayak
Abstract: Enuresis is a common menance that create a lot of stress among parents and the children. It is a Greek Word that means “to void urine “. It can occur either in daytime or in night. As per ICCS (International chidren’s Continence Society”) enuresis is defined as ‘Involuntary loss of urine by day or night or both. In a child aged 5Yrs or older; in the absence of congenital or acquired defects of the nervous system or urinary tract. The investigation related to enuresis is of minimal value. The treatment mainly depends upon type of enuresis and patient compliance.
4. NEONATAL JAUNDICE
Dr Yatin Verma, MD
Introduction: Jaundice is a common and mostly benign condition in neonates but because of the potential toxicity of bilirubin, neonates must be monitored to identify those who might develop severe hyperbilirubinemia and, in rare cases, acute bilirubin encephalopathy or kernicterus. Over 60 percent of term and 80 percent of preterm babies develop clinical jaundice during the first week of life. Clinical jaundice, in neonates appears first on the face at a serum bilirubin concentration of 5 mg per dl in contrast to adults who appear jaundiced when the serum bilirubin is greater than 2 mg per dl.