YUVA Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol 2 (2) July 2016, ISSN 2395-6526
1. RED EYE IS A GREAT CONCERN TO THE GENERAL PUBLIC
Pradip Kumar Das
Introduction: In the puja pandel, in the market, shopping mall and in everywhere, it is observed that number of persons including boys and girls use black goggles in their eyes not only in the day time but at night also. Eminent Opthalmologists of Serampore locality shared the same observation that they faced patients in their chambers using black goggles avoiding the general public with their red eyes. A RED eye is the most common ocular disorder that primary care physicians encounter, the common occurrence of a red eyes are the viral conjunctivitis
Keywords: Ocular disorder, red eyes
2. SANITATION AND HYGIENE FACILITIES ARE ESSENTIAL FOR ACHIEVEMENT OF GOOD HEALTH
Pradip Kumar Das
Introduction: ‘Clean India: Clean Environment’. A key feature of the campaign is to ensure that every locality either in rural or urban in India has a set of functioning and well maintained water, sanitation and hygiene facilities. Sanitation is essential for achievement of health and promotion of human dignity. Improved sanitation is a basic human right.
Keywords: Sanitation, Hygiene, Clean India
3. EMERGENT OF ZIKA VIRUS CAUSING NEUROLOGICAL DEFECTS
Pradip Kumar Das
Introduction: A 52-year-old man was admitted at the Academic Hospital in Paramaribo, Suriname with pruritic rash over the body and conjunctivitis on 1st October, 2015, during the next few days, four patients were admitted with mild symptoms including body rash. On serial examination of their blood sample no dengue and chikungunya viruses was found but Zika virus (ZIKV) was detected by specific PCR method. Recently health officials in Brazil have declared a state of emergency in several states. They are also warning women to not get pregnant. These actions are the result of a recent rise inbirth defects.
Keywords: ZIKA virus, Brazil,
4. IgG4 RELATED OPHTHALMIC DISEASE: AN OVERVIEW
Samarth Mishra, P. K. Sharma
Abstract: IgG4-related disease is a fibro-inflammatory condition with tendency to form tumors with inflammatory infiltrate and elevation of IgG4 level in serum, which may affect virtually every organ and tissue. It may present as dacryoadenitis, myositis, hypophysitis or pachymeningitis causing cranial neuropathies. The diagnosis of IgG4-related disease is based on a typical clinical scenario, supportive laboratory data, radiological findings and distinct histopathological and immuno-histochemical features. Corticosteroid followed by long-term immunosuppressive therapy is the most commonly attempted treatment.
Key words: IgG4, IgG4-related disease, IgG4 related inflammation, Inflammatory pseudotumor, Orbital syndrome
5. NEURODEVELOPMENT DYSFUNCTIONS IN SCHOOL AGED CHILDREN
Devendra Sareen, Kushagra Gupta, Manasvin Sareen
Introduction: A neurodevelopment function is a basic brain process needed for learning and development. Neurodevelopmental variation refers to differences in neurodevelopmental functioning. Wide variations in these functions exist within and between individuals. These differences can change over time and need not represent pathology or abnormality.Neuro-developmental dysfunctions reflect disruptions of Neuroanatomic structure or psycho physiologic function and may be associated with academic under achievement, behavioral difficulties and problems with social adjustment. For the school-age child, an area of particular focus is academic skill development. Academic disorders have been diagnostically classified as Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) by the revised Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fifth Edition (DSM-5).
Keywords: Neuro-developmental dysfunctions, academic under achievement, Specific Learning Disorder (SLD)
6. TOPIC - MANAGEMENT OF ORBITAL VARIX BY SCLEROTHERAPY FOLLOWED BY SURGERY – A CASE REPORT
Ratandeep Kumar Agrawalla, Sharmistha Behera Jayashree Dora, Kanhei Charan Tudu
Abstract: A 32 year old married female with complaints of intermittently appearing bluish mass in her left upper lid since last 2 years causing drooping of eyelid and cosmetic blemish. It was not associated with trauma, pain or visual loss. On clinical examination the mass was soft and reducible which reappeared on any amount of strain. The excision was planned after reducing it by sclerosant injection intralesionally. Sclerosant was also injected intraoperatively. On monthly follow up for 6 months no recurrence noted. Histopathological diagnosis confirmed it as a varix which is rare cause of orbital mass.
Keywords: Orbital Varix, Sclerosant, Arteriovenous Malfomation
7. RARE ASSOCIATION OF DUANE WITH GOLDENHAR SYNDROME: A CASE REPORT
Deepak Choudhury, Jayashree Dora, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Nisha Jha
Abstract: Goldenhar syndrome is a rare congenital defect. Common clinical features include: Limbal dermoid, pre-auricular skin tag & strabismus. It affects between 1 in 3500 to 1 in 7000 live births. Duane syndrome is congenital rare type of strabismus. Limitation of adduction & abduction & narrowing of palpabrel fissure is seen. A 20 year old Hindu male presented to our outpatient department with chief complains of fleshy mass in both inter-palpebral regions with F.B. sensation. Face was asymmetrical & head was turned to left side. Limbal dermoid was present in both eyes. On examination of right eye (RE):-Limitation of both abduction and adduction. On attempted adduction, decreased interpalpebral fissure height (IPF) & retraction of globe occurred. Left eye (LE) examination revealed limitation of abduction. On adduction, decreased IPF occurred. Excision of dermoids of both eyes were done.
Keyword: Goldenhar syndrome, Duane’s retraction syndrome, limbal dermoid, strabismus, Electromyography
8. TOXOPLASMA RETINOCHOROIDITIS WITH INVOLVEMENT OF 2ND AND 3RD CRANIAL NERVE: A RARE CASE REPORT
Deepak Choudhury, Jayashree Dora, Pramod Kumar Sharma, Nisha Jha, Kanhei Charan Tudu, Gopeswari Hota
Abstract: A 30 year Hindu female presented with headache & blurring of vision of left eye (LE) for 2 days. She had a history of contacts with cats in her house. O/E: - VA- HM+ in LE. Restricted ocular movements (adduction, elevation and depression of LE) with mild ptosis were present. Pupil of LE was sluggishly reacting to light. Posterior segment examination revealed an isolated choroiditis patch along superior temporal arcade in paramacular area. Investigation showed ESR- 40, Toxoplasma IgG titre +ve (117). Ocular Coherence Tomography (OCT) showed hyperreflective patch along superior temporal arcade. MRI showed mild diffusely thin left optic nerve with prominent perioptic CSF space. PCR of aqueous humor was +ve for toxoplasma. Patient was treated with oral Trimethoprim with Sulfamethoxazole BD for 7 days. Oral Methylprednisolone 16mg 3 times/ day was given after 2 days of starting of antibiotic & tapered over 3 weeks. 1mg of Vit- B12 was given orally for 3 week. On follow up after 1 week VA improved to 20/40. Ptosis improved and ocular movements were restricted only in extreme gazes. On OCT, size of the patch decreased after t/t. On follow up after 2 week, VA was 20/30, no ptosis, ocular movements were full and free in all direction. No identifiable patch was present on fundus examination and OCT. Conclusion- It’s a rare case of toxoplasma choroiditis with involvement of 2nd and 3rd cranial nerve. Complete recovery occurred after timely appropriate treatment.
Keyword: Toxoplasma, Choroiditis, OCT, PCR, MRI