YUVA Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol 2 (3) September 2016, ISSN 2395-6526
1. A CASE REPORT OF CERVICO VAGINAL ATRESIA (A Case Report)
Introduction: Development of female genital tract is a complete process dependent upon a series of events, involving cellular differentiation, migration, fusion, and canalization. Failure at any step may result into the congenital anomaly of the genital tract. Cervical atresia is an uncommon Mullerian anomaly, occurring in 1: 80,000 to 1: 100,000 births. It has been shown to be associated with vaginal aplasia in 40 % of cases. This case report shows the difficulties faced while managing a case of cervicovaginal atresia.
Keywords: Female genital tract, Cervical atresia
2. DYSMORPHISM IN CHILDREN
Manasvin Sareen, Nashwa Kamal Shroff , Devendra Sareen
Introduction: This term is coined by Dr. David Smith in the 1960’s. Dysmorphology is the study of abnormalities of human form and the mechanism that cause these abnormalities. It is estimated that 1 in 40 or 2.5% of newborns have a recognisable malformation or multiple malformations at birth.
Keywords: Dysmorphology, malformation, morphogenesis
3. CLOUDY CORNEA AND HOLT-ORAM SYNDROME:A RARE ASSOCIATION
Abstract: Holt–Oram syndrome (H-O.S) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by mild-to-severe congenital cardiac defects and skeletal abnormalities of the upper limbs. The most common cardiac disorder is an ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) followed by ventricular septal defect (VSD).Incidence is 1 in 100,000 live births. Cloudy cornea is not reported to belong to the spectrum of this condition. Herewith we report a rare case of Holt–Oram syndrome with cloudy cornea.. Keywords: Holt–Oram syndrome, skeletal abnormalities, ASD, VSD
4. DEXTROCARDIA WITH COMPLETE SITUS INVERSUS WITH FALLOT’S VARIANT A RARE CASE (Case Report)
Abhishek Ojha, Manasvin Sareen, Devendra Sareen
Introduction: A two year old Hindu female child, second in birth order and product of non consanguinous marriage who presented to Pediatric OPD with complaints of palpitations and refusal to feed for last two months. On gross physical examination child was found to have marked central and peripheral cyanosis. Her spO2 at admission was 70%. There was clubbing grade 4 which was more prominent in both upper limbs. Clinically she was suspected to be a case of Fallot’s tetralogy. Her pulse rate was 110/mt regular with no radiofemoral delay. Respiratory rate was 34/ mt with no apparent respiratory distress. Child was afebrile. There was no jaundice, pedal edema, lymphadenopathy or neck vein engorgement.
Keywords: Non consanguinous marriage, cyanosis, Dextrocardia
5. A RARE CASE OF CONGENITAL INTRA-CRANIAL MALFORMATION (OPEN LIP SCHIZENZEPHALY)
Manasvin Sareen, Abhishek Ojha, Devendra Sareen
Introduction: 12 years old Hindu male child was brought to the hospital by the parents with the complaints of focal convulsions of right side of the body with right sided facial deviation during convulsions since 2 years. It was occurring once in every 1-2 months. This was lasting initially for about 5-10 minutes then gradually the time duration increased, since last 4-5 episodes patient was having convulsion lasting for more than 3-4 hours followed by unconsciousness lasting for 5-6 hours. The Child was treated by local doctors in the form of tab. Sodium valproate and Tab. Gardenal but with this regimen, these convulsions were not controlled.
Keywords: Focal convulsions, open lip schizencephaly
6. ROLE OF BUBBLE CAPAP IN MANAGEMENT OF RDS IN NICU OF HMCH BBSR
Sasmita Patra, Suchismita Panda
Abstract: Respiratory distress syndrome is a common health problem in preterm due to immaturity of lungs with deficiency of surfactant. Surfactant reduces surface tension in the alveoli, thereby preventing collapse of the lungs during expiration. Bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is a low cost intervention that provides continuous distending pressure to the alveoli so that they will not collapse during expiration.
Keywords: Bubble CPAP, RDS, NICU, newborn.
7. TO STUDY THE RESPIRATORY SUPPORT USED IN PRETERM NEONATES IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE
Introduction: Out of the 254 premature neonates, eligible neonates were 68, who required respiratory support. CPAP alone was required, 19 neonates (70.3%) babies in very preterm category as compared to 5 (45%) & 16(53.3%) neonates in extremely preterm moderate to late preterm category respectively.-. Mechanical ventilation (SIMV –PS) alone) was required in 18% of extreme preterm neonates, 7.4% of very preterm & 16% of moderate preterm neonates. CPAP failure was maximum in extreme preterm group (36.3%). Respiratory distress syndrome was the foremost cause of respiratory distress requiring respiratory support in preterm neonates 75% followed by TTN & MAS.
Keyword: CPAP, RDS, Mechanical ventilation
8. A Study of Nutritional Status, Morbidity Pattern, and Health Seeking Behaviour of Under Five Childrens in Rural Community of Kishanganj
Dr Kanchan Lata
Abstract: Nutrition may be defined as the signs of food and its relationship to health. It is concerned primarily with the part played by nutrients in body growth, development and maintenance.1 It is that branch of science, which deals with the study of a dynamic process, in which the consumed food is utilized for nourishing the body (a process of assimilation of food).2Good nutrition means “maintaining a nutritional status that enables us to grow well and enjoy good health”3 Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is identified as a major health and nutrition problem in India. It occurs particularly in weaklings and children in the first years of life. It is not only an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality, but leads also to permanent impairment of physical and possibly, of mental growth of those who survive.10
Keyword: PEM, Nutrition, Under 5 Children
9. SPECTRUM OF CEREBRAL PALSY CASES AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, BHUBANESWAR
Dr Aparna Aradhana, Dr Suchismita Panda
Abstract: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a common developmental disability first described by William Little in the 1840s. It is one of the three most common lifelong developmental disabilities (other two being autism and mental retardation) causing considerable burden to affected individuals and their families due to lifelong disability). The condition poses considerable diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to the pediatrician and pediatric neurologist with variable degree of involvement ranging from minimal disability to total dependent of bed ridden severe form.
Keyword: Cerebral palsy (CP), diagnostic and therapeutic challenges
10. INTRAMUSCULAR CAVERNOUS HAEMANGIOMA OF THE ADDUCTOR BREVIS (A CASE REPORT)
Mantu Jain, Jagannath Sahoo
Abstract: Hemangiomas are common soft tissue tumors comprising 7% of all benign tumors. The most common presentation is cutaneous and present in childhood and females are more commonly affected. Deep-seated hemangiomas are usually intramuscular, although intra-articular synovial hemangiomas also occur. The commonest anatomic site is the lower limb. Many treatment modalities for the symptomatic haemangioma are available but surgical excision is the preferred treatment. We present an unusual case of a cavernous intramuscular haemangioma involving the adductor muscles.
Keywords: Cavernous haemangioma, Intramuscular, adductor compartment, excision
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